What are the price cap unit rates?

What are the energy price guarantee unit rates?

What you're paying for energy from 1 January

The energy price guarantee came in on 1 October 2022 across England, Scotland and Wales for the vast majority, who are on standard tariffs. It's an average 27% higher than the price cap in place before 1 October 2022, and will last until at least April 2023. Yet there's no total cap on what you pay – instead, it's a standing charge and unit rate cap. This means if you use more energy, you'll pay more. This guide has the unit rates and standing charges region-by-region.

Rates have changed from 1 January 2023, with rises for those who prepay and who pay on receipt of bills

Update Tuesday 3 January: The Government has now confirmed the level of discount it will apply to bills, to keep costs at the promised level of about £2,500/year for a typical household until April 2023. While there's little change for most on direct debit, those paying via other means may pay more. We've full unit rates below, and see our region-by-region round-up for whose rates will rise the most.

There are regional variations and they also vary depending on how you pay, so this guide has those rates. And for a rough estimate of what you should be paying if you're on direct debit, see our Check your direct debit is right calculator.

The energy price guarantee unit rates & standing charges

Here are the average unit rates for dual-fuel customers paying by direct debit under the Government's new energy price guarantee...

On Eco 7, Eco 10 or other non-standard tariff? Firms should reduce tariffs so the reduction works on the weighted average of the combined rates (about 4p per kilowatt hour for gas and 17p per kilowatt hour for electric), but it's up to firms how they implement this, so we can't say for certain what the rates you'll pay are.

DIRECT DEBIT: What are the average standing charges and unit rates for gas and electricity?

 

Energy price guarantee rates from

1 Jan 2023

Energy price guarantee rates from

1 Oct to 31 Dec 2022

Gas  No change to average rates

Unit rate: 10.33p per kilowatt hour (kWh)

 

Standing charge: 28.49p per day

Electricity No change to average rates

Unit rate: 34.04p per kWh

 

Standing charge: 46.36p per day

Rates and standing charges are averages, which vary by region. Assumes payment via direct debit and includes VAT (at 5%). For those who pay each month after getting a bill, it's typically 6% higher.
  • Prices vary by region – see regional direct debit rates and charges

    What are the standing charges and unit rates for gas and electricity under the energy price guarantee on direct debit for my region from 1 January 2023?

      Gas  Electricity
    North West

    Unit rate: 10.33p per kWh
     

    Standing charge: 28.49p per day

    Unit rate: 33.33p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 43.26p per day

    Northern

    Unit rate: 10.20p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 28.49p per day

    Unit rate: 31.87p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 49.93p per day

    Yorkshire 

    Unit rate: 10.25p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 28.49p per day

    Unit rate: 33.03p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 49.55p per day

    Northern Scotland

    Unit rate: 10.28p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 28.49p per day 

    Unit rate: 32.77p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 51.07p per day 

    Southern

    Unit rate: 10.46p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 28.49p per day 

    Unit rate: 34.28p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 44.41p per day 

    Southern Scotland

    Unit rate: 10.28p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 28.49p per day

    Unit rate: 33.91p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 50.66p per day

    North Wales & Mersey

    Unit rate: 10.34p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 28.49p per day 

    Unit rate: 36.45p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 48.60p per day 

    London

    Unit rate: 10.51p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 28.49p per day

    Unit rate: 36.08p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 33.16p per day 

    South East 

    Unit rate: 10.30p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 28.49p per day

    Unit rate: 35.40p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 42.68p per day 

    Eastern

    Unit rate: 10.31p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 28.49p per day 

    Unit rate: 35.13p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 38.94p per day 

    East Midlands

    Unit rate: 10.24p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 28.49p per day 

    Unit rate: 32.81p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 45.77p per day 

    Midlands 

    Unit rate: 10.33p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 28.49p per day

    Unit rate: 33.83p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 49.15p per day 

    South Western

    Unit rate: 10.43p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 28.49p per day

    Unit rate: 33.69p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 52.64p per day 

    South Wales

    Unit rate: 10.39p per kWh 

     

    Standing charge: 28.49p per day

    Unit rate: 33.97p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 49.17p per day 

    Assumes payment via direct debit and includes VAT (at 5%).

Here are the average unit rates for prepayment customers under the Government's new energy price guarantee...

PREPAYMENT: What are the standing charges and unit rates for gas and electricity?

  Energy price guarantee rates from 1 Jan 2023 Energy price guarantee rates from 1 Oct to 31 Dec 2022
Gas 

Unit rate: 10.82p per kWh

Standing charge: 37.51p per day

Unit rate: 10.63p per kWh

Standing charge: 37.51p per day
Electricity

Unit rate: 33p per kWh

Standing charge: 51.41p per day

Unit rate: 33.08p per kWh

Standing charge: 51.41p per day
Rates and standing charges are averages, which vary by region. Assumes payment via prepayment meter and includes VAT (at 5%).
  • Prices vary by region – see regional rates and charges for prepayment

    What are the standing charges and unit rates for gas and electricity under the energy price guarantee on prepayment for my region from 1 Jan 2023? 

      Gas  Electricity
    North West

    Unit rate: 10.80p per kWh
     

    Standing charge: 37.51p per day

    Unit rate: 31.3p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 48.33p per day

    Northern

    Unit rate: 10.72p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 37.51p per day

    Unit rate: 30.86p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 54.97p per day

    Yorkshire 

    Unit rate: 10.75p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 37.51p per day

    Unit rate: 31.98p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 54.58p per day

    Northern Scotland

    Unit rate: 10.77p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 37.51p per day 

    Unit rate: 31.74p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 56.1p per day 

    Southern

    Unit rate: 10.93p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 37.51p per day 

    Unit rate: 33.24p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 49.48p per day 

    Southern Scotland

    Unit rate: 10.77p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 37.51p per day

    Unit rate: 32.88p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 55.70p per day

    North Wales & Mersey

    Unit rate: 10.8p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 37.51p per day 

    Unit rate: 35.39p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 53.64p per day 

    London

    Unit rate: 10.97p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 37.51p per day

    Unit rate: 35.02p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 38.28p per day 

    South East 

    Unit rate: 10.77p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 37.51p per day

    Unit rate: 34.36p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 47.5p per day 

    Eastern

    Unit rate: 10.83p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 37.51p per day 

    Unit rate: 34.09p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 44.03p per day 

    East Midlands

    Unit rate: 10.73p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 37.51p per day 

    Unit rate: 31.78p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 50.83p per day 

    Midlands 

    Unit rate: 10.8p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 37.51p per day

    Unit rate: 32.79p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 54.19p per day 

    South Western

    Unit rate: 10.93p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 37.51p per day

    Unit rate: 32.67p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 57.67p per day 

    South Wales

    Unit rate: 10.83p per kWh 

     

    Standing charge: 37.51p per day

    Unit rate: 32.93p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 54.21p per day 

    Assumes payment via prepayment meter and includes VAT (at 5%).

ON RECEIPT OF A BILL: What are the average standing charges and unit rates for gas and electricity?

 

Energy price guarantee rates from

1 Jan 2023

Energy price guarantee rates from

1 Oct 2022

Gas 

Unit rate: 11.27p per kWh

 

Standing charge: 33.54p per day

Unit rate: 11.12p per kWh

 

Standing charge: 33.54p per day

Electricity

Unit rate: 37.67p per kWh

 

Standing charge: 52.40p per day

Unit rate: 36.80p per kWh

 

Standing charge: 52.40p per day

Rates and standing charges are averages, which vary by region. Assumes payment on receipt of a bill and includes VAT (at 5%). 
  • Prices vary by region – see regional rates and charges for payment on receipt of a bill

    What are the standing charges and unit rates for gas and electricity under the energy price guarantee on receipt of a bill for my region from 1 Jan 2023? 

      Gas  Electricity
    North West

    Unit rate: 11.26p per kWh
     

    Standing charge: 33.54p per day

    Unit rate: 36.93p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 49.14p per day

    Northern

    Unit rate: 11.13p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 33.54p per day

    Unit rate: 35.39p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 56.17p per day

    Yorkshire 

    Unit rate: 11.17p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 33.54p per day

    Unit rate: 36.59p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 55.76p per day

    Northern Scotland

    Unit rate: 11.21p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 33.54p per day 

    Unit rate: 36.33p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 57.37p per day 

    Southern

    Unit rate: 11.40p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 33.54p per day 

    Unit rate: 37.93p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 50.35p per day 

    Southern Scotland

    Unit rate: 11.21p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 33.54p per day

    Unit rate: 37.54p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 56.94p per day

    North Wales & Mersey

    Unit rate: 11.28p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 33.54p per day 

    Unit rate: 40.21p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 54.76p per day 

    London

    Unit rate: 11.45p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 33.54p per day

    Unit rate: 39.82p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 38.49p per day 

    South East 

    Unit rate: 11.23p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 33.54p per day

    Unit rate: 39.11p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 48.52p per day 

    Eastern

    Unit rate: 11.24p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 33.54p per day 

    Unit rate: 38.83p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 44.58p per day 

    East Midlands

    Unit rate: 11.17p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 33.54p per day 

    Unit rate: 36.38p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 51.78p per day 

    Midlands 

    Unit rate: 11.27p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 33.54p per day

    Unit rate: 37.45p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 55.34p per day 

    South Western

    Unit rate: 11.37p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 33.54p per day

    Unit rate: 37.32p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 59.01p per day 

    South Wales

    Unit rate: 11.33p per kWh 

     

    Standing charge: 33.54p per day

    Unit rate: 37.60p per kWh

     

    Standing charge: 55.36p per day 

    Assumes payment via prepayment meter and includes VAT (at 5%).

Energy crisis need-to-knows

Here's what you need to know about your energy bill changes and how best to keep costs down.

  • All households will receive a £400 energy bill rebate. It'll be paid over six months from October, but exactly how you'll be paid depends on your supplier and how you pay for your energy bills. See How major energy suppliers will pay your £400 grant.

  • Struggling to pay? Check out what help is (and isn't) available. Too many people risk the awful choice between heating and eating. Our Energy bills – struggling to pay? guide covers options and where to get help.

  • The other way to cut bills is, obviously, to use less. Our Energy saving tips help with the simpler stuff, such as turning your thermostat down and adjusting boiler settings. But other ways aren't as clear-cut, such as whether to leave the heating on low all day in the winter – we've the pros and cons of this and more in our Energy mythbusting guide.

  • How does the energy price guarantee and energy price cap work? For full info, see our energy price guarantee need-to-knows and energy price cap FAQ

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