Time to rip up student loan statements – they’re worryingly misleading
- MSE and the Russell Group of universities are testing a radical new student loan statement
- It explains how student loans really work so finally graduates can understand the TRUE cost
MoneySavingExpert.com (MSE) and the Russell Group of universities are piloting a proposed redesign of the student loan statement, and are now calling on parents, students, graduates and the higher education sector to test the design and give feedback. The new design is aimed at giving university leavers the best possible understanding of their future repayments.
Currently, students simply receive a statement of their outstanding ‘debt’ and the interest that is being added. The new proposed statement is designed jointly by MoneySavingExpert.com, its founder Martin Lewis, and the Russell Group.
While including the same basic information as the current statement, the core focus of the new statement is instead on the actual repayments that students have made, and what they are likely to repay in future – not just this year, but projected until the loan is paid off or written off.
This change should substantially enhance understanding of the student loan system for graduates and their families.
Take an extreme example. A low-earning graduate would receive a statement with £50,000 of ‘debt’ on it, and would see it growing by £1,500 a year in interest – this can feel scary. Yet in reality a graduate earning under £25,000 would not have to make any repayments at all. In some cases they will not need to repay anything if they remain on this income until the ‘debt’ wipes. Rather than focusing on the total ‘debt’ owed, the new statement aims to help graduates understand what they are actually likely to repay.
The first draft redesign (attached) concentrates on plan 2 loans, which apply to students from England and Wales who started university in or after 2012 (including current students).
Martin Lewis, founder of MoneySavingExpert.com, said: “The student loan statement is misleading and dangerous. For most university leavers, their outstanding ‘debt’ is one of the least important figures, yet the statement only lists this and the interest added, panicking many into poor decisions that cost some £1,000s.
“In practice, university leavers repay 9% of everything earned above £25,000 for 30 years, unless they clear the debt before that. So whether you owe £10,000, £50,000 or £3 million, if you earn £30,000, you repay £450 a year. The only impact the ‘debt’s’ size has is whether you’ll clear what you owe before it wipes.
“And it’s predicted that 83% of university leavers (1) will keep paying for the full 30 years. Therefore, for most these loans work more like 9% extra tax than a debt. I’m not saying it’s cheap, just that this is the practical financial reality – in fact, it’s how most mortgage lenders and others assess these loans.
“I’ve long said the system should be renamed ‘graduate contribution’, a more accurate description, and our new statement shows this reality. The excessive focus on the language of ‘debt’ has disastrous consequences. It both inures young people to other, more dangerous borrowing and can mis-prioritise their finances.
“One woman told me her fear of the growing interest on her statement meant she used an inheritance to overpay thousands. Yet she was in a low-earning profession, with little likelihood of clearing much of the debt. Her overpayments were unlikely to have any impact on her future repayments, so she had effectively flushed her inheritance down the loo. If we are going to tell our youth that they’re in debt, we must also educate them on what that actually means.”
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Sarah Stevens, Head of Policy at the Russell Group, said: “The language of ‘loans’ and ‘debt’ can be misleading and difficult for students and their families to navigate.
“Because of the income-contingent features of the student finance system, tuition fee and maintenance loans do not resemble normal, commercial loans. Yet the way information on student finances is presented masks this: the current statement graduates receive every year emphasises the rapid accrual of interest on loans, but does not mention the Government’s pledge to cover any amount that a graduate’s salary does not enable them to repay.
“At the moment, a graduate’s statement shows total ‘debt’, along with monthly interest which they will probably never pay back in full. This can be disheartening. The new approach we are proposing with MSE would be for statements to focus on a graduate’s monthly repayments, and – based on their estimated earnings trajectory – the amount they are likely to actually repay overall.
“Changing the mechanics of how information is communicated to prospective students and graduates should help ensure that student debt is properly understood and avoid disadvantaged young people being wrongly put off university because they assume they cannot afford it.
“With the Government reviewing arrangements for student finance, we hope that action to better communicate how the current system works could also help ensure the wider debate on fees and funding is better informed.”
The Augar review into Higher Education is expected to be published soon, and the two organisations will feed the evidence gathered into this process.
Notes to editors
(1) Institute for Fiscal Studies data.
The statement is open for testing via http://www.mse.me/gradsurvey until 5pm on 12 March. MoneySavingExpert.com and the Russell Group welcome feedback from all stakeholders, including relevant organisations, prospective students, current students, graduates and parents.