How to sell your property
Including tips on estate agents and getting the best price
Sometimes the task of selling your home can feel as big as the property itself, and coronavirus has only added another layer of complexity – including the possibility of 'virtual' viewings. In this guide, we'll discuss getting your home valued, the costs of selling, comparing estate agents and getting the maximum price for your property.
This guide is all about selling the property you're living in now. If you're looking to sell a buy-to-let property, there may be some tax implications (such as capital gains tax) which we won't run through here. For more information on this, see the HM Revenue & Customs website.
Check if you're still in your mortgage term
Before you start getting things in motion, it's important to check whether you're still within your existing mortgage term, eg, halfway through a five-year fix. If you are, then check with your lender which fees you'll be liable to pay by moving.
If you're on your lender's standard variable rate – the rate your mortgage reverts to when a deal such as a fixed-rate or tracker period ends – then you're fine, there shouldn't be any penalty fees for moving.
Got a mortgage that is 'portable'? You should also be fine, as long as your lender's happy with the new property, the price you're paying for it, and whether you pass affordability tests (though there's no guarantee they'll allow you to port). If you are able to port, your existing mortgage moves with you at no extra cost – even if you are in the middle of a fix or tracker deal. See more on how porting works in our Porting your mortgage guide.
But if your mortgage isn't portable and you're still in your mortgage term, you'll likely face early repayment charges. These are often between 1 and 5% of the remainder of your mortgage debt, making moving very expensive. Here are some examples:
- A 2% early repayment charge on a £226,000 mortgage would be £4,520.
- A 3% early repayment charge on a £226,000 mortgage would be £6,780.
- A 5% early repayment charge on a £226,000 mortgage would be £11,130.
So, first find out how long you've left on your current deal and how much it'll cost to free yourself. You can do this by punching your figures into our 'Ditch your fix?' calculator.
If the calculator shows that it would be too expensive, it's worth holding off and ensuring you're ready to go as soon as the deal ends. For more on how much it'll normally cost to remortgage, see our Remortgaging Cost guide.
Spruce up your home to max the price – quick wins
Even the best-kept properties show signs of wear and tear.
To give yourself the best chance of selling your property ASAP and for the maximum price it could fetch, it's worth fixing these before you start viewings – even if you've only got time for some quick-fixes. Here's where we'd start:
1. Clean up the property's exterior
First impressions ALWAYS matter. So spruce up your property from the outside in. Some top tips, which don't cost much, but could add value, include...
- Mowing the lawn
- Cleaning your windows
- Getting your front door and driveway spick and span
2. Sort out the interior
Simple tasks such as tidying and decluttering – which could even make you some cash – can make your home more sellable. For example:
- Ensure any features that first attracted you to the property are visible
- Make your home less personal to you to encourage viewers to see themselves there
- Let rooms clearly show their purpose
- Hang up mirrors, especially in small areas like hallways, to add light and the illusion of space
How much should I spend on improvements?
You'll need to do your sums to work out what's worth spending money on to up the property's value and what would just be throwing cash in the trash. For example, kitchen renovations are expensive (costing on average £8,000 – and often much more), but a lick of paint and replacing cabinet handles with shiny new ones is easy and cheap.
Typically, a completely new kitchen will increase your property's value by about 4-6% and a new bathroom by 2-3%. Remember, some people want a doer-upper, so making a room your version of perfect may not be the best way to sell. However, if there are structural issues, prioritise these over any cosmetic changes as they'll be a huge deterrent to buyers. Forumite Marcus (an ex-estate agent) said:
In my experience decor makes only a little difference to the end price (within reason). However, decor does make a big difference to how quickly you sell.
How to get your home valued
Before you get an estate agent through the door, check sold house prices in your area over the past 12 months with online agents such as Nethouseprices, Rightmove and Zoopla to give you a rough idea. Our Free house price valuations guide has more information on how to do this.
Compare your property to those of a similar size and spec. You can do this pretty accurately with Rightmove, which shows the original property adverts (including photos) at the point of sale. Be realistic and don't let stubborn pride about the state of your property cloud your judgement and lead to overpricing.
Having a clear idea of sales in the recent past helps you value your home accurately. Looking at those currently on sale helps you value your home competitively. Remember: very few properties sell for the asking price – hopefully yours will go for more, but don't be disappointed if it sells for less.
Once you've done your research, have at least three agents value your home (never reveal the values other agents have given as it could skew their answer). Don't worry if you don't want to use an estate agent for the actual sell – you're not committed to using any of them.
To get the most balanced view, it's worth asking different types of agents for valuations: a big high street chain, a small local one and an online one. And get them to bring paperwork on sold prices in the surrounding area.
If agent 1 values your property at £250,000, agent 2 at £280,000 and agent 3 at £350,000, the most realistic value would be £300,000.
It's perfectly normal for valuations to be diverse. MSE Jo N said the highest and lowest values she received differed by a whopping £100k.
In cases like this, opting for something in the middle should give you the most sensible option.
Remember: this is an estimate of what your home should be on the market for and it's up to you to decide on price. Some estate agents will inflate asking prices to get the sale and in the hope of a big commission, so might not be working in your favour. However, if they have valued it too high and there is no interest, they may later suggest a price cut.
It's important you price your home realistically. Ask for too much, and you won't get any interest. Ask for too little and you won't get the full value. If all goes well, you'll have a number of interested buyers, which allows enough competition to drive the price up anyway.
If you need to sell your property quickly, drop the asking price to about 90% of the market value. It's a much more cost-effective way than simply waiting to sell at the original asking price or using a quick house sale company, which pay on average 75% of market value.
The value of a property won't always match up to the price. For instance, the number of bedrooms, size and location affect the value, but other elements (like the time of year you sell) affect the price.
According to property advice website The Homeowners' Alliance and online estate agent Emoov, the market tends to slow in the run-up to Christmas and during the summer holidays, meaning many sellers are forced to drop the asking price. The best times of year to sell are the start of the year, spring or early autumn.
Bear in mind national and international events such as election results, Brexit and coronavirus hugely affect the economy, and so can impact property prices. For instance, since the onset of coronavirus, an increasing number of people have been valuing space and greenery over close promiximity to a city or town centre.
New rail links and being within the catchment area of good schools can help increase the price too, as do local amenities such as a nearby Waitrose (the closer you are, the higher your house price, known as 'The Waitrose Effect').
Of course, there are aspects which negatively impact the price which you might not be able to do anything about – see MSE Guy's blog on how a neighbouring Nando's nearly cost him his mortgage.
While taking the highest offer might seem like the obvious choice, consider who's chain-free, can move the quickest and is least likely to pull out.
Buyers who've already sold their properties and first-time buyers are the safest options, with buyers who haven't yet sold theirs at the opposite end of the scale. Try to get a sense of who you'll have the easiest relationship with – buying and selling houses is stressful enough without being at loggerheads with your buyers.
Also try to gauge how good their financials are – you don't want to sell to someone who hasn't got the money to back up the sale. Ask yourself how easy it will be to contact them. Being in touch directly rather than via solicitors is a huge plus as it will save time.
How to advertise your property
There's no right or wrong way to sell your property; the best way will depend on your circumstances. For example, if you're time-poor or don't feel comfortable showing strangers around your home by yourself, it may be best to use an estate agent – even if it does come at a higher price.
However, if you're perfectly happy doing most of the work yourself, you can bypass an estate agent all together and save yourself some serious cash. MSE Amy reckons she saved over £5,500 by using an online agent and DIY-ing the rest.
If you are considering using an agent, here's a quick table showing how high street and online agents compare:
Despite online estate agents becoming more popular over recent years, high street estate agents are still used the majority of the time.
In general, their services are more complete, with energy performance certificates (EPCs) and hosted viewings included as standard. But...
Traditional high street agents are much pricier than online agents. However, you only pay a percentage of the agreed sale price – typically 0.75% to 3% – once the property has been sold, so you don't lose money if it doesn't sell.
Find out which are the busiest and most experienced agents nearby, check the local paper if you have one in your area and go online to see which agents have the most listings. Ask them how many properties they've sold in your area over the past three months and what they charge.
Personal recommendations are always valuable and having a presence on the high street also means potential buyers will see your property advertised in the office window.
Quick tips for using a high street agent
High street agents charge a percentage of the agreed property sale price, typically 0.75% to 3% + VAT. So if you sold a property for £250,000 (roughly the UK average), it could cost you between £2,250 and £9,000 (total cost incl VAT).
The Homeowners' Alliance suggests you aim for 1% + VAT, which in this instance would set you back about £3,000.
Don't accept your chosen agent's first commission rate offer – always haggle. A number of our forumites have successfully haggled estate agent rates. One advised:
Be polite. Be friendly. Be firm. And be willing to give in if you really want to go with a certain agent and they won't budge.
There are two different types of agency contracts: sole and multi.
Sole agency contracts – where only one agent markets your property – are usually cheaper. As it can take longer with just one agent, it's worth writing a timeframe into the contract after which you can advertise with others if the first one's not managed to sell your property – this is usually around six to eight weeks.
While some say multiple contracts make it easier to sell, having more than one agent advertise your property will mean it appears multiple times on sites such as Rightmove and Zoopla, which can make you appear desperate. Let buyers smell this desperation and they're more likely to submit low offers, and with commission rates so high, you may find agents encourage you to accept a lower price.
If you're happy to do some of the legwork yourself, using an online agent is a cheaper option.
Online agents used to charge a one-off fee upfront, but most have now moved to the 'no sale, no fee' model. Some don't charge a thing to you the seller, while others charge up to £999 – which means you could make a saving of £1,000s over traditional high street agents.
Of course, exactly how much you save depends on the size of your property etc.
Quick tips for using an online agent
The charge can be for a basic package, only meaning you may have to pay for costly extras. Before you start the process, think carefully about everything you want from an agent and check what is included in the one-off fee.
You may be charged a lower fee when using an online agent, but unlike a traditional high street agent, some charge upfront. This means you could pay whether you sell your property or not – and some argue this means there's no incentive for online agents to go the extra mile.
Although not on the high street, online agents typically assign you a local property expert to conduct the initial valuation. Exactly how local they are depends on the agency you choose and where you live, so make sure you check before you sign up.
Unlike high street agents, you'll need to pay extra for hosted viewings (some don't offer them at all), but online agents we've spoken to say that the majority of sellers prefer to host their own viewings anyway.
If you have the flexibility to conduct the viewings yourself, then do it. However, if you're doing it alone, make sure to tell someone what you're doing and call them when it's finished.
Who are the online agents?
Here's a rundown of some of the top online players at the moment in alphabetical order:
Cheapish, charges upfront fee
Not the most well known, but one of the cheapest online estate agents, Doorsteps says it covers 95% of the UK. It offers a 24-hour hotline, free property valuation, property site listings, an account manager and weekly reports as part of its £299 'basic' package.
The local agent will carry out the initial valuation and, if you choose the 'complete' package, it will also take the photos, draw up the floor plan and send a draft of the ad by the next working day.
Fee: Basic package £299 upfront. The second option costs £499 and also includes professional photos, a 2D floor plan and full property description. An EPC costs an additional £72.
The ad: Appears on all major property sites including Rightmove and Zoopla. Remains up until the property is sold or taken down by the seller. Can be reinstated for free up to four weeks after being taken down.
Hosted viewings? Yes – £400 for 10 viewings.
'For sale' sign? Included in both the £299 and £499 pacakge options.
Contact: Doorsteps website*, 0208 012 8566.
Most well known – but most expensive
Perhaps the most well known of the lot, Purplebricks is also the most expensive.
It covers the whole of the UK and it package includes a property expert to cover the sale from start to finish, professional photos, a floor plan, full description, ads on all major property sites and a 'for sale' sign.
Fee: You can choose to pay up front or pay when sold, both cost £999 (or £1,499 in London and the surrounding areas). Premium listings on site (meaning you'll show up in more searches, have more thumbnail photos on your listing and appear in a green box at the top) cost £125 extra. If paying when sold, you must use Purplebricks' own conveyancing service, otherwise you'll have to pay an "unlocking fee".
The ad: Appears on all major property sites including PrimeLocation, Rightmove and Zoopla. Remains up until the property is sold. If you've opted for deferred payment, you must pay after 10 months, even if the property's not sold, but the ad will remain up.
Hosted viewings? £300 unlimited (£500 in London).
'For sale' sign? Included.
Contact: www.purplebricks.co.uk*, 0800 810 8008.
Let's you sell your home for free, with optional extras
Strike is a digital-first estate agent that allows people to sell their homes for free and via a mobile app.
Rather than charging commission or upfront fees for selling your home, Strike earns money through optional extras, such as providing mortgage, conveyancing and insurance advice, hosted viewings and video trailers. By using Strike, sellers receive expert valuations, photos and floorplan, and the support of a team from valuation through to completion.
Strike's digital service is available throughout the UK, but it's full service – the main difference with the full service being that a local Strike agent will carry out an in-person valuation of your property (rather than virtually) – is only available in Yorkshire, the North West, Tyne Tees regions, Midlands and parts of Central England.
Fee: None. EPCs cost an additional £99.
The ad: Rightmove, Zoopla, Primelocation and other listings are included. Remains up until the property is sold or for six months, whichever's sooner, though you can re-list the ad for free.
Hosted viewings? £699 for unlimited viewings. There is also a key-holding charge.
'For sale' sign? Included.
Visit Strike* to find out more.
While it's probably the most labour-intensive option, private selling would give you the biggest savings.
One downside to private selling is that you can't advertise on PrimeLocation, Rightmove or Zoopla, so unless you already have a private buyer lined up, you need to advertise your property yourself. Use your local press if possible and noticeboards and/or online marketplaces such as HouseWeb* (£349-£549) or TheHouseShop* (free), where you can create your own advert and liaise directly with buyers.
You could even try your luck on Facebook – especially if you're a member of a local network – or post your ad on Mumsnet via your 'local' page. If you've any questions, you can email Mumsnet for help.
Hosting your own viewings
You'll need to host your own viewings, but this can tip the scales in your favour. You're the expert in your own home so can tell prospective buyers exactly what it's like to live there. However, don't ignore the safety risk of inviting strangers into your home. If you'll be conducting the viewings alone, tell a neighbour or friend first so they're aware and call them once you're done.
Finding 'For Sale' signs
Find a conveyancer
Conveyancing is the legal process that sees the transfer of a property from one person to another, and requires a solicitor or a licensed conveyancer.
Solicitors and conveyancers are fully qualified and insured to handle property sales. They do all the legal paperwork, Land Registry and council searches, draft the contract and handle the exchange of money. The primary difference is that conveyancers are specialist property lawyers.
You don't have to go with the solicitor or conveyancer your estate agent suggests – they'll most likely have some kind of commercial arrangement in place which could end up costing you more.
To speed up the long process of selling your property, it's worth lining up a conveyancer or solicitor solicitor before you put it on the market. See our House Buying guide for more on finding cheap conveyancers.
How much does a conveyancing solicitor cost?
Fees for solicitors and conveyancers vary. When comparing, ask them for a full breakdown of costs to check what's included in the quote.
According to the Homeowners' Alliance, solicitors and conveyancers can cost between £500 and £1,500 for the legal fees alone. On top of this you'll have to pay for:
- Title deeds – proof you own the property, normally held by the Land Registry (£25).
- Property fraud fee – protects your property from being sold or mortgaged fraudulently (£10).
- Transferring ownership – a fee paid to the Land Registry on completion (£200-£500).
- Bank or telegraphic transfer (CHAPS) – unless you're remortgaging with the same lender, your funds are transferred to your bank (£20-£30).
- Money-laundering checks – checking the buyers are who they say they are (£8 per person).
- Searches – to check whether there are any local plans for development or problems (£250+).
Can I find a conveyancing solicitor online?
As with estate agents, you can look online for conveyancing services. They market themselves as cheaper than their high street counterparts, but most likely you won't have a single point of contact as many run a call centre-type service.
Check reviews of online and high street conveyancers and solicitors and if you know someone who's moved in the past year, ask them if they'd recommend their solicitor. It's important to hire someone you're happy to work with as you'll most likely have a lot of contact with them. Going with a bad solicitor could really slow down the selling process and risk your sale falling through, so it's worth doing your research.
Other costs to expect
Unfortunately there's more to selling your home than valuations, estate agents and solicitors...
And of course, if you're selling your property to buy another one, there will be even more additional costs to take into account. All of this can add up – see below for some estimates of the cost of selling.
|Agency fees||£0 - £395||£99 - £1,695||£2,034 - £8,136|
|Conveyancing fee||£500 - £1,500||£500 - £1,500||£500 - £1,500|
|EPC||£35 - £120||£35 - £120||£35 - £120|
|Removals||£400 - £1,200||£400 - £1,200||£400 - £1,200|
|TOTAL||£935 - £3,215||£1,034 - £4,515||£2,969 - £10,956|
An energy performance certificate (EPC) rates a building on its energy efficiency, from A (highly efficient) to G (inefficient). Each certificate is valid for 10 years.
Prospective buyers look for efficient energy ratings, which range from A to D, as poor ratings mean costly heating bills. See our Housing and Energy Grants guide to find free cash to improve your home's efficiency before you sell.
An EPC will typically set you back between £40 and £120, depending on your property's size and location.
Don't know if your EPC's in date? Check the EPC Register.
When you're ready to look at removals, the wheels of selling your home will be fully in motion and soon, so too will your belongings. As the average cost can be anything from £550 upwards, you could save yourself a hefty chunk by DIY-ing if you can.
Factors that affect the price of removals include:
- Size of van (volume of belongings)
- Distance between pick-up and destination
- Time of day and time of year
- Who does the packing (you or removal firm)
- Packing materials
- Special and/or fragile items
- Restricted access/difficult entry
Get a few firms to give you quotes then ask your chosen company to break down the costs so you can check if there are ways you could save, such as doing the packing yourself.
Final energy and water bills can come as a bit of a nasty shock, especially if you've been on estimated bills. If your energy firm has underestimated your usage, you could get hit with a hefty bill. Keep a record of your final gas and electricity readings, and always have a contingency fund for instances like this.
And don't forget niggly extras such as redirecting your post, which costs from £34.
Selling to buy advice
If you're selling your property to move abroad or rent, you're all done and dusted. But for those of you selling to buy another property, to be taken seriously, you need to get your current property on the market, pronto!
The most attractive buyers (in order) for your property are: first-time buyers, those who've already sold, followed by those who've got their property on the market.
In terms of selling one property and buying another, the process usually pans out like this:
- Look at areas/properties you like
- Go to visit some
- Find one you like
- Realise you won't be taken seriously unless your home is on the market
- Rush to get your home on the market
- Simultaneously look at properties while people look at yours
- Hopefully have an offer accepted on yours so you can...
- ... place an offer on the one you like
In our Buying a Property Timeline guide, you'll see that buying a new property can usually take anything from six weeks to eight months, so be sure to factor that in.
Unsurprisingly, as well as being incredibly stressful, bear in mind that buying a property is very costly – and not just the selling costs mentioned above.
What kind of costs do I pay when buying a property?
- Mortgage fees. Arrangement/booking fee (£0 - £2,500) and exit fees, early repayment and new home loan charges. See our Porting your mortgage guide for a full breakdown.
- Deposit for the new property. See our Mortgage Deposit Calculator.
- Survey. There are three kinds of surveys to choose from. A homebuyer's report will cost from £500 to £1,000, while a full structural survey will cost up to £1,500. If you go for a snagging report, this can cost £100s too.
- Valuation. This is for lenders to check how much your property is worth, budget for £300 - £400, though sometimes it's free. This varies by lender and property value and is for the lender's purposes only. You can generally upgrade to a homebuyer's survey, or you could go for a full structural survey.
- Searches. Local, drainage and environmental searches check to see if there's anything you need to be aware of, such as building control issues or nearby road schemes.
- Solicitor/conveyancing fees. Covers all the legal work associated with buying a house, £500 - £1,500.
- Stamp duty. Normally payable to the Government on properties in England over £125,000. See Stamp Duty Calculator for full details.
- Bank transfer. £25 - £30.
- Land Registry fee. To transfer its register entry into your name, up to £500.
Clever ways to calculate your finances