Bank of England increases base rate to 1% – what the rise means for your mortgage and savings
The Bank of England has increased base rates to 1% from 0.75% after the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) voted in favour of a rise. The base rate is used by the central bank to charge other banks and lenders when they borrow money – and influences what borrowers pay and savers earn.
The increase means it is the fourth time in quick succession that the central bank has increased rates after it first lifted them to 0.25% from 0.1% in December last year. It then upped them to 0.5% in February, and to 0.75% in March.
The rise follows predictions from the Bank of England that inflation could hit around 10% or even higher later in the year. Inflation stood at 7% in the 12 months to March 2022, according to the most recent figures from the Office for National Statistics.
Base rate rises will affect most mortgages unless they're fixed. If you have a mortgage and want to check what your bank or building society is doing in response to the rise, see the table below. We'll also round up any savings providers passing the base rate rise on.
I have a mortgage. What happens now?
The vast majority of mortgage holders in the UK have a fixed-rate mortgage, so for most, nothing will change. The key points for mortgage holders are:
- Fixes are fixed. But sort a new deal soon if yours is coming to an end. As the name suggests, rates – and the amount you pay – WON'T change during the fixed period.
- Lenders MAY raise standard variable rate (SVR) or 'discount' mortgages. These move at the whim of lenders. You'll usually be on an SVR after your fix or tracker ends. A 'discount' mortgage, meanwhile, follows the SVR at a set rate, for example, if the SVR is 4% and the rate is SVR minus one percentage point, it's 3%.
- On a tracker mortgage? Rates will increase. As the name suggests, these 'track' the base rate, so mortgage costs will go up. In general, this latest rise means about an £11 increase in your monthly payments on a £100,000 mortgage.
What should I do with my mortgage?
What you should do depends on what sort of mortgage you have now and whether you're close to the end of your initial mortgage term:
- If you're on a fixed rate. Nothing will change with your existing deal, however, any new deal you remortgage to in future may now be more expensive. If you're close to the end of your current term, you might want to search for a new mortgage deal now. You can usually lock in a mortgage offer three to six months ahead of time.
If you've six months or longer to go on your fix, you'll either need to wait for your initial deal term to run out, or pay the charge to leave early. Our Ditch your mortgage? calculator can help you decide.
- If you're on a standard variable rate (SVR) or 'discount' mortgage. If you're on the SVR, you're free to remortgage to a new deal at any time. It's worth checking if you can as SVRs tend to be pricey.
If you're on a discount mortgage that has gone up, you may be able to remortgage without penalty, but do check. If not, you'll either need to wait for your initial deal term to run out, or pay the charge to leave early. Again, our Ditch your mortgage? calculator can help you decide.
- If you're on a tracker mortgage. If you're concerned about this rise, or further rate rises, check now to see if you can switch to a better deal. However, do check if there are penalties to leave your current deal now – many trackers do have them. If not, then you're free to switch to another mortgage.
If you do have early repayment charges, you'll either need to wait for your initial deal term to run out, or pay the charge to leave early. Our Ditch your mortgage? calculator can help you decide.
If looking for a new deal, see our Remortgage guide or First-time buyers' guide for help, plus our Mortgage Best Buys comparison tool for the top deals. And if you're in need of a mortgage broker, visit our Cheap mortgages guide for the full breakdown.
|PROVIDER||CHANGE TO TRACKER MORTGAGES||CHANGE TO SVR MORTGAGES (standard variable rate)|
|Bank of Ireland||Up 0.25 percentage points from 1 June||Under review|
|Bank of Scotland||Up 0.25 percentage points from 1 June||Under review|
|Barclays||Up 0.25 percentage points from 1 June||SVR increasing to 4.49% from 1 June|
|Clydesdale||Up 0.25 percentage points from customers' next payment date||Under review|
|Co-op Bank||Up 0.25 percentage points from 1 June||Under review|
|Coventry BS||Under review||Under review|
|First Direct||Up 0.25 percentage points from 6 May||Under review|
|Halifax||Up 0.25 percentage points from 1 June||Under review|
|HSBC||Up 0.25 percentage points from 6 May||
|Leeds BS||Up 0.25 percentage points from 6 May||Under review|
|Lloyds Bank||Up 0.25 percentage points from 1 June||Under review|
|Metro Bank||Up 0.25 percentage points from 5 May||Under review|
Up 0.25 percentage points from 1 June
|Newcastle BS||Up 0.25 percentage points from 19 May||Under review|
|One Savings Bank||TBC||TBC|
Up 0.25 percentage points from 1 June
|Sainsbury's||Under review||Under review|
|Santander||Up 0.25 percentage points from 3 June||Follow-on rate (FoR) increasing from 4% to 4.25%|
Up 0.25 percentage points from 1 June
|TSB||Up 0.25 percentage points from 1 June||Under review|
|Virgin Money||Up 0.25 percentage points from 1 July||Under review|
|West Brom BS||Up 0.25 percentage points from 1 June||Under review|
|Yorkshire Bank||Up 0.25 percentage points from customers' next payment date||Under review|
|Yorkshire BS||Up 0.25 percentage points from 5 June||Under review|
I'm a saver. What happens now?
The base rate increase could affect all types of savings accounts. In general, savers benefit from base rate rises – although most savings rates are still relatively poor and rates didn't go up much after the last rise. We've asked all the main providers what their plans are and so far only one has confirmed their plans, but we'll continue to update this story as we receive more responses.
- Barclays will increase its Everyday Saver, Instant Cash ISA and Blue Rewards Saver products by between 0.09% and 0.4%. We've asked when and will update this story when we know more.
Savers should wait a few days before switching
Whatever rate you're on currently, it may be worth waiting a few days to see if best-buy rates improve before switching. These are our current top picks, but they could change at any time. For a full round-up, see our daily-updated Top savings guide:
- Up to 1.5% on easy access. Chase Bank is offering 1.5% on its easy-access account and gives you 1% cashback on most transactions for 12 months.
- Up to 2.15% on a one-year fix. Jordan International Bank via savings marketplace Flagstone currently pays 2.15% on a one-year fix on a minimum of £10,000, although newbies to the savings platform Raisin with £10,000 or more to save can beat this rate with Paragon's 2.06% account – as you can get £25 cashback on top.
- Up to 2.5% on a two-year fix. Jordan International Bank is offering 2.5%, but this time on a two-year fix on a minimum of £10,000. If you've less to save, take a look at PCF Bank (min £1,000) which pays a slightly lower 2.45%.
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